The history of the Chilean Horse is uncertain, although it is thought the breed first emerged in 1544 when it began appearing in Chile’s New Toledo region. It is known to be the oldest breed of stock horse in Southern America.
Rodrigo Gonzalez Marmolejo is credited with developing the breed, desiring a horse that combined hardiness, strength, intelligence and a balanced temperament for easy training and handling.
The Chilean Horse met these requirements and went on to become a favoured breed for cattle herding and as a war mount, demonstrating unmatched dexterity and enthusiasm.
Over the centuries, the Chilean Horse has established a glowing reputation for itself, not just across South America but on a global scale. During the 1800s the breed was gifted to many royal courts in Europe, helping to distribute its stock further afield.
The Chilean is characterised by a muscular, well-balanced structure, with a height ranging between 13-14 hands. Typically, the Chilean has a thick mane and tail and comes in a variety of colours, with darker blacks and chestnuts being favoured.
Today, the breed continues to appear in the famous Chilean rodeo, as well as being used to work cattle.
The Chilean is one of the few pure horse breeds remaining, with out-crossing being greatly restricted.