A relatively modern breed, the Eurasier incorporates both Asian and European heritage, believed to have arisen in Germany in 1960 from the German breeder Julius Wipfel. The breed originates from crossing between the Chow Chow and the Wolfspitz, with an input of male Samoyed blood; the breed was originally known as the 'Wolf Chow' in line with its parentage. Primarily bred as a companion dog and protector, whilst being popular in Germany and Switzerland, the Eurasier is uncommonly seen in the United States. Falling within the non-sporting, 'working' branch of canines, the breed shares its classification with the Dalmatian, Bulldog, Akita and Poodle.
A medium-sized spitz, the Eurasier boasts a typically wedged-shaped head in line with its forebears, a feathered tail, a blue-black, pink or spotted tongue, proportionate build and a thick coat in colour variations of black, fawn, wolf-grey, red, black and tan. Not known to bark loudly or incessantly, the Eurasia is an ineffective guard dog, but is peaceful and even-tempered within the home. Enthusiastic in exercise and play, docile and affectionate, and comfortable when faced with new people and situations, the Eurasier is often utilised as a therapy dog.
Combining the best qualities of its forebears, the Eurasier is intelligent, alert, confident and sweet-natured, whilst being compatible with children and other household pets. When unprovoked, the Eurasier is gentle and loving, whilst acting fearlessly to defend its family if potential threat is perceived. The average Eurasier will weigh 18-26 kg, with a life expectancy of 10-12 years when shown appropriate care, although it is not uncommon for a Eurasier to outlive this expectancy.
Although generally healthy and long-lived, the Eurasier is known to suffer with a variety of hereditary diseases, including hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, as well as an uncomfortable eye complaint known as Distichiasis. Due to its relatively small proportions, the Eurasier may be prone to 'small-dog syndrome' and associated behavioural problems, especially when left alone for long periods of time, as well as easy weight gain.
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