Established as a distinct breed in the early part of the 19th century, the Basset Fauve De Bretagne, originating from Brittany, is a short-legged hound, principally bred for hunting small game. The Basset Fauve De Bretagne was thought to be extinct following the Second World War, however, it was since selectively re-bred, ensuring its characteristics were not lost. The modern Basset Fauve De Bretagne serves as a highly sought domestic breed and was removed from the Kennel Club's rare breeds register in 2007.
A distinct branch of the original yet now extinct Grand Fauve De Bretagne, the Basset is low to the ground, boasting short limbs, a dense coat commonly coloured red-wheaten or fawn, ears that are characteristically darker in pigment, with dark eyes and nose. The Basset may also have excessive hair growth in the ear canal, a feature of the breed, which will require regular management.
Despite originating from a branch of hunting dogs, the Basset Fauve De Bretagne is an equable and intelligent breed, suited to regular human interaction and companionable with other animals. This breed has an easy temperament, whilst being active in play, and its popularity as an amiable, suitably-sized family pet has grown in recent years. The average weight of the Basset Fauve De Bretagne is typically 10-19 kg, depending on its gender, with a life expectancy of 11-14 years, when shown appropriate care.
Surveys carried out on the UK population of Basset Fauve De Bretagne's have shown that the most common sources of health complaint are reproductive, aural and ocular, with a high percentage suffering from corneal ulcers and cataracts. Epilepsy has also been identified as a concern in European lines of the breed, although no cases have yet been identified in the UK.