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Crossbreed/Mixed breed

Crossbreed/Mixed breed

This article also relates to: Mixed-breed

Cross-breed/Mixed breed

Unbeknownst to many of us, a cross-breed and a mixed breed are not the same thing. Although terminology differs greatly, the name ‘cross-breed’ usually applies to dogs with purebred parents of distinct varieties (in terms of size and coat) or different breeds. For instance, the popular ‘Labradoodle’ is a cross-breed because its bloodline includes a purebred Poodle and a purebred Labrador. Generally speaking with the most widely recognised, first-generation cross-breeds, the parentage is known and the breeding has been sanctioned. Because of this, many like to refer to cross-breeds as ‘designer breeds’ that have been selected for appearance alone. Amongst some canine registries, the issue of cross-breeding is highly controversial.

A mixed breed is generally accepted to be a dog of unknown parentage. The breed’s parents might be first-generation cross-breeds themselves – a Labradoodle, for instance, paired with a Puggle (a cross between a Beagle and Pug). In other words, a mixed breed has non-purebred parents and has had a variety of breeds contribute to its development. The term ‘mongrel’ or ‘mutt’ is sometimes applied to these dogs, although ‘mixed breed’ is thought more appropriate.

Although many people disagree with crossing dog breeds, citing the many incidences in which two unsuited breeds have been thoughtlessly mated – producing offspring with an unnatural appearance and structure or with a myriad of health conditions and defects – others argue that in general, cross and mixed breeds are far healthier and longer-lived than purebred or pedigree dogs due to years of inbreeding. Whether this is true or not is purely speculation.

Here is a list of some of the most commonly recognised cross-breeds – what they look like and what their temperaments are like:

1) Labradoodle

This breed was initially developed in Australia in the 1980s and arose from selectively crossing the Poodle and the Labrador. The size is dependent on the size the Poodle (i.e. whether it is a Standard or Miniature) and a Labradoodle is usually characterised by a wavy, fleece-like coat. As with any hybrid dog, it is difficult to consign a generic appearance or set of behaviours and all dogs will vary. Generally speaking, a Labradoodle will possess the behavioural traits of its forebears, with a friendly, affectionate and animated personality. The Labradoodle is highly intelligent, active and has a natural love of people.

2) Goldendoodle

The result of crossing between the Golden Retriever and the Poodle. Breeding began in the 1990s in Australia and North America and the Goldendoodle immediately became a ‘designer dog,’ with its name being adopted in 1992. Similar in appearance to the Labradoodle, this breed boasts a calm and affectionate demeanour, whilst being highly active and easy to obedience train.

3) Cockapoo

Ever since the 1950s, Cockapoos have been recognised in the United States. A hybrid of English or American Cocker Spaniel and Standard Poodle bloodlines, the Cockapoo possesses a thick, wavy coat in colour variations of merle, black, brown, tan, sable, roan, brindle, white, cream and silver. The coat only sheds moderately – a trait inherited from its Poodle parent. Typically, a Cockapoo will require lots of human interaction and companionship, becoming distressed if left alone for too long, and will return this love and attention gladly. Many unscrupulous breeders attempt this cross due to its wide popularity, so it is important to bear this in mind when purchasing a Cockapoo puppy.

4) Pomapoo

A cross between the Pomeranian and the Miniature or Toy Poodle. Many people favour this particular cross-breed due to its cute, compact size and its amiable temperament. With a thick, wavy coat that is typically low-shedding and often thought to be hypoallergenic, the Pomapoo is a desirable breed choice for families or dedicated sole owners. Although there are great variations, the Pomapoo is usually friendly with a moderate level of activity, and should not be unduly shy or aggressive.

5) Schnoodle

A cross between the Miniature Schnauzer and the Poodle. This cross-breed is similar to its Schnauzer parent in general appearance and structure, with a dense, often curly coat that is inherited from the Poodle. Usually quite small, with a low-shedding coat, this is a suitable breed choice for the house-proud. The temperament of the Schnoodle is very desirable – it is intelligent, bold, affectionate and trainable, and benefits from both mental and physical enrichment.

6) Puggle

This compact cross-breed combines the Pug and the Beagle and was first bred in 1980s America. It has risen to high popularity in the last two decades and is considered a ‘designer dog.’ The general appearance of the Puggle is small, proportioned and muscular, with a short muzzle, large pendant ears and a narrow tail that curls over the back. The coat is usually observed in colours of black, tan and fawn. Despite variations, the Puggle is typically loud, out-going and stubborn, requiring training and firm leadership from an early age. Otherwise, this cross-breed can be friendly, affectionate and sociable, enjoying plenty of companionship with its owner and family. 

Labradoodle breed of the week deal!

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Our Crossbreed/Mixed breed owners' thoughts

14th Oct 2013
Richard Jordan
  • VioVet Customer Since: September 2011
  • From: Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

love looking at all these gorgeous dogs :)

31st Dec 2013
Jo plummer

Kyla is a GSD x Rottie. Very loving and submissive to anyone she knows. Visitors get a distinct greeting if she doesn't know them but once they have been a few times she accepts them and starts bringing toys to them. Highly trainable, quick to learn. Knows her own mind and doesn't forget dogs who have attacked her ! Be it a certain boxer or westie. Stubborn and quite dominant especially with any dog who is like her, if they wag their tail and go submissive she's fine with them, but if they look at her the wrong way or make the wrong move she'll react back. Hard work but worth every moment x

22nd Jul 2014
Issy Leybourne
  • VioVet Customer Since: December 2013
  • From: Surrey, United Kingdom

Alfie is a Lhasa Apso x Tibetan Terrier x Chihuahua x Fox Terrier. He is a rescue all the way from Cyprus, he is my pride and joy. he is a great all rounder dog. He is a very quick learner and learns tricks very quickly, he's competed in crufts and won 3rd place in the young kennel club doggie dancing. I got him at 4 months old. If anyone is interested in adopting a Cyprus dog please go to thank you

22nd Mar 2015
Lindsay Mckechnie
  • VioVet Customer Since: April 2012
  • From: south lanarkshire, United Kingdom

Rocky is a Welsh Springer x Border Collie and rules over Maya my Staffie x Whippet. Just proves not all staffies are aggressive. Both have their own different querks. Maya likes socialising with other dogs where Rocky prefers owners, after all they have treats.

10th Jun 2015
Victoria Nicholls
  • VioVet Customer Since: January 2014
  • From: Surrey, United Kingdom

Welwyn is a JRT x Yorkie - he may be small but he has a loud bark!
A loyal dog that is very intelligent :-)

11th Jun 2015
Deborah Steel
  • VioVet Customer Since: January 2013
  • From: Northamptonshire, United Kingdom

Bear is a cockerpoo

30th May 2016
Thomas Wallace
  • VioVet Customer Since: March 2016
  • From: hants, United Kingdom

Gypsy is a jackadoodle the most loving and gentle dog we have ever had she is 3yrs old.

3rd Aug 2016
Emma Victoria Jane Rowe
  • VioVet Customer Since: July 2016
  • From: Staffordshire, United Kingdom

I've Got a Rescue Staffordshire Bull Terrier Cross Greyhound and We Couldn't Ask for a More Loyal Hound than My Maggot Hound The Only Health Problems we have Found in Our 3 year Ownership So far is a Sensitive Tummy and a Severe Allergy to Stinging Nettles Other than that she's in her element with Us. She's One Very Spoilt Pooch but We're Making Up for the Bad Start she Had as She was Tied up and Left to Starve luckily she was found and put in to a Rehoming Kennels where she Found us (yes she Choose us, she knew we where her Furever Owners and She'd Never Suffer again with Us) Yes there are Times I've had to Check her in as She's one big 3 year old Puppy she thinks but We attend Regular Training Classes for Which She's really got a Hang of this Clicker Training Lark and I also do a little training when at Home in her Relaxed Safety Zone But We Couldn't ask for a Nicer Dog. She's got the Loyalty of a Staffy and the Speed of a Greyhound What More Could You ask in a Dog??

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