Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier

This article also relates to: Parson Russell Terrier

 

The Jack Russell Terrier originates from...

Perhaps one of the most well-known breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier takes its name from the Reverend John Russell who began its development in the early 19th century. Primarily bred for the purpose of hunting small game and digging out den quarry, the Jack Russell Terrier established a concrete reputation for itself as an independent and able-bodied working dog. Despite enjoying wide popularity throughout its early existence, following WWII the demand for hunting dogs declined, subsequently along with Jack Russell Terriers. Increasingly the breed was observed in the domestic setting, both as a companion pet and show dog. The American Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1997 although the name was changed to the Parson Russell Terrier due to trade marking.

The Jack Russell Terrier is characterised by...

In order to keep up with the hounds when hunting badger and fox, the Jack Russell Terrier had to have relatively long legs. This trait was selectively bred into the Russell Terrier, along with its compact, athletic build that made it capable of maneuvering into tight spaces to delve out den quarry. Further characterising the breed is its tenacious disposition, pronounced muzzle, narrow chest, triangular 'drop' ears and dark eyes. The coat is typically short, smooth and close-fitting, often observed in colours of white with tan or black markings. The dense, double coat serves to insulate the dog whilst acting as protection against bracken and rough underground earth. The modern Jack Russell Terrier is seen in hunting, tracking, agility and performing tricks.

The average Jack Russell Terrier...

Highly energetic and intelligent, the breed requires both physical and mental stimulation in order to discourage destructive behaviours around the home. The Jack Russell Terrier is characteristically loud, making for a great watch dog. It is not uncommon for a Russell Terrier to display signs of stubbornness or aggression so early socialisation and firm leadership is important. Otherwise, a Jack Russell Terrier is typically cool, calm and collected, making a great addition to active family life. A healthy Jack Russell Terrier will weigh 6.5-8 kg, with a life expectancy of 12-14 years when shown the appropriate love and care.

Because no breed is without its weakness...

Eye disorders are particularly prevalent in the breed, ranging from cataracts and entropion, to glaucoma and anterior luxation. Other conditions include congenital deafness, orthopedic complaints and arthritis, and von Willebrand's Disease, a rare bleeding disorder.

 

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Our Jack Russell Terrier owners' thoughts

09/01/2014
20140105 04:03 pm
Derbyshire, United Kingdom

I own 6 crazy, bonkers, lazy, stubborn, smart JRT's

10/01/2014
20130523 09:53 am
Bedfordshire, United Kingdom

Stewie is an incredible little dog. Very active & obedient, always ready to play or run around, but also quite happy to settle down if requested to. Intelligent and loyal, loves attention, occasionally falls foul of having selective hearing! But the majority of us have that trait!

27/06/2014

i have 3 of these little darlings, never a dull moment.

10/11/2014

I've got 2 black and tan bitches. 100% obediant, they walk to heel, stay when told and dont bark. Great little dogs, love coming out when l'm riding horse. Cant wear them out!

21/11/2015
20150922 06:26 pm
Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

merlin is such a smart independent dog,he knows me better than I know myself!! a very typical jack,loves to dig and when he goes walkies in the woods I rarely see him,but he sees me and checks in now and again.likes to talk and he is very stubburn.but love his character just shines.

12/01/2016
20100312 03:09 pm
Surrey, United Kingdom

I have just got a jack russell bitch puppy age 13 weeks.now who ww have called Daisy and house training is proving very hit and miss. Sometimes she is perfect and lets me know so i let her out and she goes outside and other times she does it where she feels like. So frustrating! Also selective hearing! She will come in if she thinks she will get a reward/treat but otherwise when she decides to. But gorgeous and cute. Just very stubborn. Am hoping once the weather improves we can get the toilet training 100% anyone else have this problem?

25/10/2016
20150706 11:57 am
Lancashire, United Kingdom

I am on my 2nd JRT as my first broke her back jumping up. She sadly passed away at 4 years old due to complications after surgery. She was a loyal and loving dog. Our 2nd JRT is now 1 and is full of beans. She loves being with my two other dogs. She full of love, fun and enjoys giving cuddles. Her only fault is she loves shredding when she's been left. Even for an hour!!

09/01/2017
20161218 10:07 am
United Kingdom

Tally is my first jrt and he comes very highly commended! He's so smart, I find that if I talk to him as I would another human, in explaining why's n wherefores of what we do, he gets it straightaway, his behaviour changes accordingly, he's amazing :-) Jacks are supposed to love the water, not Tally, he doesn't go out for a wee until he really has to , if it's raining or even been raining!! He's a soft, loving, understanding bestest friend who I have fun and good, good times with every day. I am so lucky to be his mum :-)

20/03/2017
20170320 03:27 pm
Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

I have 2 JRT'S... The older one is a mixed Breed, but the JRT shows through more than the other breed, my youngest is pure Jack. Both are great fun and have lots of energy. I laugh at them every. day...

04/04/2017
20140819 09:51 pm
United Kingdom

Buster is the best little Jack Russell. He's loyal, incredibly clever and a really good boy. You get back tenfold whatever you put in to them. He's the best friend I've ever had.

14/04/2017
20141201 03:50 pm
West Midlands, United Kingdom

Smudge is a rescue dog and we love him dearly. He was nervous when he first arrived but is now a very friendly and loyal dog. Loves running across the field but equally as happy sitting on your lap for some fuss. Barks loudly when the doorbell goes then greets whoever it is with a lick and a tail wag!

02/05/2017
20170502 03:25 pm
Essex, United Kingdom

Molly is a great little dog ,loves to run and Chase her ball.she is a very happy and friendly

14/05/2017
20170509 08:45 pm
Hampshire, United Kingdom

I have a Jack Russell Bilbo and a Parsons Russell Rosie they are both great dogs and very loyal and have very different personalities Bilbo is quite and loves cuddles and Rosie is full of mischief but very loving I wouldn't be without them.

20/06/2017
20140731 02:30 pm
Bedfordshire, United Kingdom

Fabulous loyal little man who loves his ball & paddling pool in the hot weather! Always on holiday with us including France & Belgium - so easy now. Cheeky, loves cuddles & wouldn't be without him

12/08/2017
20170812 07:06 pm
Suffolk , United Kingdom

Neala is my 3rd jrt. I've been lucky, my 1st Billy lived to 23, my best friend and recently passed away Molly,she lived to 22 & I now have my newest rescue jrt. Used purely for breeding, 4litters later & just 2yrs old her growth is stunted but shes also been selectively bred to produce miniature jrt's. All that's done is create weird confirmation with short legs but a long body. They're the biggest dog you can ever share your life with but in such a small body. Neala is settling in well and will soon be joined by another rescue doggy friend. I highly recommend this breed but appeal to people to stop breeding dogs with her conformation,its not healthy. She is joy,just learning how to play and have a bit of fun instead of pups! I got her from a small rescue centre but wherever you look you will see working dogs. They need to be doing something mentally as well as physically but,jrt is also a great lap dog and love a bit of comfort. I cant imagine life without at least one,theyre such huge characters.

21/09/2017
20090306 01:48 pm
Devon, United Kingdom

JRT's make wonderful pets; I wouldn't want any other breed.

12/11/2017
20171112 11:09 am
East Riding of Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Poppy was born without eyesight but that doesn't stop her. Bold ,brave and bright. Always up for a fight and loyal as a dog ever was.

28/11/2017
20160801 10:29 am
United Kingdom

I can’t recommend them highly enough. Good research is important- as is good owner ship & training. Dill is mustard wouldn’t sell him for all the money in the world

11/01/2018
20160909 07:08 pm
Lincolnshire, United Kingdom

Fantastic loyal companion. At times bonkers, makes me laugh every single day. Be prepared to deal with stubbornness and very strong willpower but rewards are amazing. Better companion you would never find!

13/01/2018
20130531 09:28 pm
Lancashire, United Kingdom

i own 2 jack russells and one romanian terrier and they are the most loyal loving companions you could ever ask for, they love playing, sleeping been the "bigger" dog stubborn and totally bossy but at the end of the day cuddle up on your lap for the rest of the night all cosy <3 i wouldnt be without my 3 , love them

02/02/2018
20170812 07:06 pm
Suffolk , United Kingdom

Update on my little jrt Neala. She is the only jrt ive had that has energy on tap. Shes a real little couch potato yet,get her in the fields or woods and shes full of energy and enthusiasm. Jack russels are great little dogs,easy to take out and about,all of mine have been great travellers. Molly was the best and travelled far and wide by various means of transport. Highly intelligent,ive never had a destructive one. Re a comment on house training a puppy, when I got Neala she had lived outside,that was obvious as she wasn't moulting,that happens after a month or so of living in a centrally heated home. I had to learn her signals,different to the other two who knew to go on request,she didn't but was clean,to a point. Several times she sat in front of me and wee'd on my carpet,my fault,I didn't then realise all her licking was a request to go to the loo. Its not just your puppy who has to learn your cue,its you who has to recognise the signs your dog is giving you. Its worth a few wet patches, theyre an adorable pup and a long Lived dog.

07/02/2018

My Jack Russell Terrier is called Beau, she is 9 years old and we also had her sister Mia, but sadly Mia was put to sleep because she was very aggressive towards Beau and they were always fighting, I couldn’t rehome Mia as she couldn’t be trusted around children and I would hate to of put any child or other dog at risk.it was one of the hardest things I have ever had to do and we tried everything we could for 5 years.

20/02/2018
20160228 11:02 pm
Midlothian, United Kingdom

My jack russell is called Florence Full of character Her hobbies are digging,burying her ball and playing with her doggy pals Love her to bits