This article also relates to: Parson Russell Terrier
Perhaps one of the most well-known breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier takes its name from the Reverend John Russell who began its development in the early 19th century. Primarily bred for the purpose of hunting small game and digging out den quarry, the Jack Russell Terrier established a concrete reputation for itself as an independent and able-bodied working dog. Despite enjoying wide popularity throughout its early existence, following WWII the demand for hunting dogs declined, subsequently along with Jack Russell Terriers. Increasingly the breed was observed in the domestic setting, both as a companion pet and show dog. The American Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1997 although the name was changed to the Parson Russell Terrier due to trade marking.
In order to keep up with the hounds when hunting badger and fox, the Jack Russell Terrier had to have relatively long legs. This trait was selectively bred into the Russell Terrier, along with its compact, athletic build that made it capable of maneuvering into tight spaces to delve out den quarry. Further characterising the breed is its tenacious disposition, pronounced muzzle, narrow chest, triangular 'drop' ears and dark eyes. The coat is typically short, smooth and close-fitting, often observed in colours of white with tan or black markings. The dense, double coat serves to insulate the dog whilst acting as protection against bracken and rough underground earth. The modern Jack Russell Terrier is seen in hunting, tracking, agility and performing tricks.
Highly energetic and intelligent, the breed requires both physical and mental stimulation in order to discourage destructive behaviours around the home. The Jack Russell Terrier is characteristically loud, making for a great watch dog. It is not uncommon for a Russell Terrier to display signs of stubbornness or aggression so early socialisation and firm leadership is important. Otherwise, a Jack Russell Terrier is typically cool, calm and collected, making a great addition to active family life. A healthy Jack Russell Terrier will weigh 6.5-8 kg, with a life expectancy of 12-14 years when shown the appropriate love and care.
Eye disorders are particularly prevalent in the breed, ranging from cataracts and entropion, to glaucoma and anterior luxation. Other conditions include congenital deafness, orthopedic complaints and arthritis, and von Willebrand's Disease, a rare bleeding disorder.
I own 6 crazy, bonkers, lazy, stubborn, smart JRT's
Stewie is an incredible little dog. Very active & obedient, always ready to play or run around, but also quite happy to settle down if requested to. Intelligent and loyal, loves attention, occasionally falls foul of having selective hearing! But the majority of us have that trait!
i have 3 of these little darlings, never a dull moment.
I've got 2 black and tan bitches. 100% obediant, they walk to heel, stay when told and dont bark. Great little dogs, love coming out when l'm riding horse. Cant wear them out!
merlin is such a smart independent dog,he knows me better than I know myself!! a very typical jack,loves to dig and when he goes walkies in the woods I rarely see him,but he sees me and checks in now and again.likes to talk and he is very stubburn.but love his character just shines.
I have just got a jack russell bitch puppy age 13 weeks.now who ww have called Daisy and house training is proving very hit and miss. Sometimes she is perfect and lets me know so i let her out and she goes outside and other times she does it where she feels like. So frustrating! Also selective hearing! She will come in if she thinks she will get a reward/treat but otherwise when she decides to. But gorgeous and cute. Just very stubborn. Am hoping once the weather improves we can get the toilet training 100% anyone else have this problem?
I am on my 2nd JRT as my first broke her back jumping up. She sadly passed away at 4 years old due to complications after surgery. She was a loyal and loving dog. Our 2nd JRT is now 1 and is full of beans. She loves being with my two other dogs. She full of love, fun and enjoys giving cuddles. Her only fault is she loves shredding when she's been left. Even for an hour!!
Tally is my first jrt and he comes very highly commended! He's so smart, I find that if I talk to him as I would another human, in explaining why's n wherefores of what we do, he gets it straightaway, his behaviour changes accordingly, he's amazing :-) Jacks are supposed to love the water, not Tally, he doesn't go out for a wee until he really has to , if it's raining or even been raining!! He's a soft, loving, understanding bestest friend who I have fun and good, good times with every day. I am so lucky to be his mum :-)
I have 2 JRT'S... The older one is a mixed Breed, but the JRT shows through more than the other breed, my youngest is pure Jack. Both are great fun and have lots of energy. I laugh at them every. day...
Buster is the best little Jack Russell. He's loyal, incredibly clever and a really good boy. You get back tenfold whatever you put in to them. He's the best friend I've ever had.
Smudge is a rescue dog and we love him dearly. He was nervous when he first arrived but is now a very friendly and loyal dog. Loves running across the field but equally as happy sitting on your lap for some fuss. Barks loudly when the doorbell goes then greets whoever it is with a lick and a tail wag!
Molly is a great little dog ,loves to run and Chase her ball.she is a very happy and friendly
I have a Jack Russell Bilbo and a Parsons Russell Rosie they are both great dogs and very loyal and have very different personalities Bilbo is quite and loves cuddles and Rosie is full of mischief but very loving I wouldn't be without them.
Fabulous loyal little man who loves his ball & paddling pool in the hot weather! Always on holiday with us including France & Belgium - so easy now. Cheeky, loves cuddles & wouldn't be without him
Neala is my 3rd jrt. I've been lucky, my 1st Billy lived to 23, my best friend and recently passed away Molly,she lived to 22 & I now have my newest rescue jrt. Used purely for breeding, 4litters later & just 2yrs old her growth is stunted but shes also been selectively bred to produce miniature jrt's. All that's done is create weird confirmation with short legs but a long body. They're the biggest dog you can ever share your life with but in such a small body. Neala is settling in well and will soon be joined by another rescue doggy friend. I highly recommend this breed but appeal to people to stop breeding dogs with her conformation,its not healthy. She is joy,just learning how to play and have a bit of fun instead of pups! I got her from a small rescue centre but wherever you look you will see working dogs. They need to be doing something mentally as well as physically but,jrt is also a great lap dog and love a bit of comfort. I cant imagine life without at least one,theyre such huge characters.
JRT's make wonderful pets; I wouldn't want any other breed.
Poppy was born without eyesight but that doesn't stop her. Bold ,brave and bright. Always up for a fight and loyal as a dog ever was.
I can’t recommend them highly enough. Good research is important- as is good owner ship & training. Dill is mustard wouldn’t sell him for all the money in the world
Fantastic loyal companion. At times bonkers, makes me laugh every single day. Be prepared to deal with stubbornness and very strong willpower but rewards are amazing. Better companion you would never find!
i own 2 jack russells and one romanian terrier and they are the most loyal loving companions you could ever ask for, they love playing, sleeping been the "bigger" dog stubborn and totally bossy but at the end of the day cuddle up on your lap for the rest of the night all cosy <3 i wouldnt be without my 3 , love them
Update on my little jrt Neala. She is the only jrt ive had that has energy on tap. Shes a real little couch potato yet,get her in the fields or woods and shes full of energy and enthusiasm. Jack russels are great little dogs,easy to take out and about,all of mine have been great travellers. Molly was the best and travelled far and wide by various means of transport. Highly intelligent,ive never had a destructive one. Re a comment on house training a puppy, when I got Neala she had lived outside,that was obvious as she wasn't moulting,that happens after a month or so of living in a centrally heated home. I had to learn her signals,different to the other two who knew to go on request,she didn't but was clean,to a point. Several times she sat in front of me and wee'd on my carpet,my fault,I didn't then realise all her licking was a request to go to the loo. Its not just your puppy who has to learn your cue,its you who has to recognise the signs your dog is giving you. Its worth a few wet patches, theyre an adorable pup and a long Lived dog.
My Jack Russell Terrier is called Beau, she is 9 years old and we also had her sister Mia, but sadly Mia was put to sleep because she was very aggressive towards Beau and they were always fighting, I couldn’t rehome Mia as she couldn’t be trusted around children and I would hate to of put any child or other dog at risk.it was one of the hardest things I have ever had to do and we tried everything we could for 5 years.
My jack russell is called Florence Full of character Her hobbies are digging,burying her ball and playing with her doggy pals Love her to bits
My Jack Russell cross is extremely intelligent- the cleverest animal I have ever known. In her younger years she loved to walk and play and learn tricks, although she now spends most of her time sleeping as she is 13 years old, but still plays and races around when she wants to! She loves the sun and radiators, and won't walk in the cold, the wet, in mud or early in the morning.
She had glaucoma and her eye was removed last year but she's adapted well.
Her biggest downside is her pathological hatred of most other dogs! She really hates dogs, cats and other animals, and is getting grumpier as she's aging too! It's a real shame but just how she is- I've been trying to change her for nine years with no success.
Pepper is now 11 years old. She is my first small dog and wouldn't trade her for the world. She is a Pets as Therapy dog and loves every minute of it. She still likes her mad 5 minutes even though it used to be longer when she was younger. They are a very loyal dog.
You are never alone with a Jack. Wherever you are, wherever you go, they want to be by your side. Mine can start a fifgt in an empty box, will insist on tummy tickles from everyone she meets and can bark for Wales. We love her to bits!