The true origin of the Basset Hound is subject to conjecture, with some reputing it to have been bred by French monks during the Middle Ages, selectively re-bred across Europe and appearing in England in the early 1870s. Pictorial evidence suggests an alternative beginning for the breed, with depictions appearing in ancient Egyptian engravings, as well as mummified remains uncovered in canine catacombs. A descendent of the French Basset line of scent hounds, the English Basset, whose name derives from the French meaning 'low-set,' has enjoyed great popularity throughout its development and whilst primarily bred for hunting, the modern Basset Hound is progressively popular as a family pet.
Low to the ground as its name would imply, the Basset Hound is otherwise recognisable for its short limbs, long stature and pendant ears, loose elastic skin and lengthy tail. The Basset Hound's coat is characteristically short and common in tricolours of white, brown, red and tan, however any colour variation is acceptable for this breed. At an early age, it is not uncommon for Basset Hounds to trip over their long ears, although they should grow out of this as they become more accustomed to them. The breed is possessed of a loud, sonorous bark, which it exercises when feeling threatened or trying to gain attention. Due to the Basset Hound's stature - heavy with short limbs - problems can be encountered when in water, so supervision is important. Additionally, the breed is not known for having good road sense, preferring instead to follow its nose, so vigilance and early training is essential.
Despite being considered relatively large-sized, the Basset Hound is amongst the most gentle and affectionate of collective canine breeds. Completely compatible with other pets, the Basset Hound enjoys the company of children, interacts calmly with strangers and is obedient to instruction. Whilst weight varies depending on the gender of the dog, the average Basset Hound will weigh between 18-25 kg, and have a life expectancy of approximately 12 years when shown appropriate care.
Inherently resilient, the Basset Hound is a healthy, long-lived breed. Due to its proportions, the breed is susceptible to weight-related illness, including bloating, lameness and spinal strain. It is important to administer a healthy diet and avoid feeding human foods, as even the smallest amount of fat can lead to detrimental weight gain.