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Colvasone is an injectable solution of Dexamethasone 0.2% which can be given by intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. It can be used as part of the treatment regime for shock and certain infections or burns, as well as treating various inflammatory conditions and ketosis in cattle and sheep. The recommended dose for use in horses and cattle is 1ml per 25kg bodyweight. For dogs and cats the dose is 1ml per 10kg bodyweight.
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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS
Name of the veterinary medicinal product
Colvasone 0.2% w/v Solution for injection
Qualitative and quantitative composition
Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate 2 mg/ml
Excipients: Benzyl alcohol 20mg/ml.
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
Solution for injection. A clear, colourless solution.
Horses Cattle Dogs Cats
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
Dexamethasone is a synthetic corticosteroid with a potent anti-inflammatory action.
Colvasone can be used for: (1) Intravenous therapy in cases where emergency treatment is indicated, particularly shock and circulatory collapse, fog fever, acute mastitis and burns. (2) Acetonaemia (ketosis) in cattle. Dexamethasone has a marked glucogenic action. (3) Inflammatory conditions in all species: the product will suppress inflammation and is indicated in the treatment of arthritis, laminitis, dermatitis etc.
Systemic corticosteroid therapy is generally contra-indicated in patients with renal disease and diabetes mellitus.
4.4 Special Warnings for each target species
Use of the product in horses could induce laminitis and therefore careful observations should be made during treatment.
4.5 Special precautions for use
i. Special precautions for use in animals
Anti-inflammatory corticosteroids such as dexamethasone, are known to exert a wide range of side-effects. Whilst single high doses are generally well tolerated, they may induce severe side- effects in long term use and when esters possessing a long duration of action are administered. Dosage in medium to long term use should therefore generally be kept to the minimum necessary to control symptoms.
ii. Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the carton to the physician. Pregnant women should not handle this veterinary medicinal product. Wash hands after use.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Steroids themselves, during treatment, may cause Cushingoid symptoms involving significant alteration of fat, carbohydrate, protein and mineral metabolism e.g. redistribution of body fat, muscle weakness and wastage and osteoporosis may result. During therapy effective doses suppress the Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Adrenal axis. Following cessation of treatment, symptoms of adrenal insufficiency extending to adrenocortical atrophy can arise and this may render the animal unable to deal adequately with stressful situations. Consideration should therefore be given to means of minimising problems of adrenal insufficiency following the withdrawal of treatment, e.g. a gradual reductions of dosage (for further discussion see standard texts).
Systemically acting corticosteroids may cause polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia, particularly during the early stages of therapy. Some corticosteroids may cause sodium and water retention and hypokalaemia in long term use. Systemic corticosteroids have caused deposition of calcium in the skin (calcinosis cutis). Corticosteroids may delay wound healing and the immunosuppressant actions may weaken resistance to or exacerbate existing infections.
Gastrointestinal ulceration has been reported in animals treated with corticosteroids and g.i.t. ulceration may be exacerbated by steroids in patients given non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and in corticosteroid-treated animals with spinal cord trauma. Steroids may cause enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly) with increased serum hepatic enzymes.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Corticosteroids are not recommended for use in pregnant animals. Administration in early pregnancy is known to have caused foetal abnormalities in laboratory animals. Administration in late pregnancy may cause early parturition or abortion.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
In the presence of bacterial infection, antibacterial drug cover is usually required when steroids are used. In the presence of viral infections, steroids may worsen or hasten the progress of the disease.
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
By intravenous or intramuscular injection. Normal aseptic precautions should be observed.
Recommended Dosage Schedule: Horses and cattle: 1 ml per 25 kg bodyweight Dogs and cats: 1 ml per 10 kg bodyweight e.g. Horses 500 kg - 20 ml Cattle 400 kg - 16 ml Dogs 10 kg - 1 ml Cats 5 kg - 0.5 ml To ensure accuracy of dosing, a suitably graduated syringe must be used when treating small animals. Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Exacerbation of effects described in 4.6 above. No treatment specified.
Cattle (meat): 21 days. Cattle (milk): 84 hours.
Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. Treated horses may never be slaughtered for human consumption.
The horse must have been declared as not intended for human cosumption under national horse passport legislation.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Coticosteroids for systemic use.
ATC Vet Code: QH02AB02
Dexamethasone is a potent synthetic glucocorticoid which is 30-35 times as potent as cortisol as an anti-inflammatory agent. The mechanism by which corticosterioids exert their effect at the cellular level remains unclear however several mechanisms have been proposed. There is evidence that corticosteroids are able to de-repress transcription of DNA to mRNA in the target cell nucleus. Other mechanisms proposed for the action of corticosteroids include boosting of cellular levels of cyclic AMP made possible by steroid inhibition of phosphodiesterases which would otherwise metabolise cyclic AMP. Some of the anti-inflammatory activity of corticosteroids could be due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis by suppression of the release of arachidonate, the prostaglandin precursor, from cell membranes.
6.1 List of excipients
Sodium Phosphate Dodecahydrate Sodium Phosphate Disodium Edetate Dihydrate Water for injection
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 2 years Shelf life after first opening the immediate packaging: 28 days Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25°C. Following withdrawal of the first dose, use the product within 28 days. Discard unused material.
Nature and composition of immediate packaging 50 ml Amber Type II glass vials sealed with bromobutyl rubber bungs with aluminium overseals. Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste material derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Norbrook Laboratories Limited Station Works Newry Co. Down, BT35 6JP Northern Ireland
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION
1st September 1994
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Below are some recent questions we've received regarding Colvasone Injection, including answers from our team.
Can colovasone injections cause liver cancer in shih tzu dogs
Most of the cases of liver cancer are of unknown cause, so this is an area which is not fully understood. However the chances of Colvasone being involved as a cause seem exceedingly remote and personally I would not worry about this as a possible problem.