Derived from the German meaning "badger dog," the origin of the unique Dachshund breed is subject to much speculation. It is believed that the miniature Dachshund, part of the 'hound' branch of canines, was first recognised in Germany in the early 1600s, although theorists have argued that its historical ancestry belongs with the ancient Egyptians, with engravings and mummified remains supporting this. Principally bred for hunting badger and other sporting fulfillments, the modern Dachshund is progressively bred as a house pet and show competitor. The breed of royal choice in courts across Europe with Queen Victoria, amongst other notable royal figures, passionately favouring the breed.
Possessing three variant coat types, the Dachshund is characterised as Wire-Haired, Smooth-Haired or Long-Haired and is either Standard sized or Miniature. Whatever the hair type or proportions of the Dachshund it boasts a distinctive appearance, with an elongated body, short limbs and a long muzzle. It is perhaps more popularly known as the 'Sausage Dog.' The Dachshund comes in colour variations of black and tan, blue, rust, wheaten and tan, with potential colour dappling of the coat. Deep-chested, the Dachshund has a large lung capacity for stamina when hunting and a long snout for detecting subtle odours. Popular throughout Europe and ranked seventh in the popular dog breed register in the United States, the Dachshund enjoys widespread appreciation as an affectionate, versatile breed for families and sole owners.
Extremely compatible with other pets, the Dachshund is intelligent, adaptable and enthusiastic. The breed possesses a keen hunting instinct that stems back to its early existence, is relatively easy to house train, and despite common conjecture suggesting it is a temperamental dog with a tendency to bite and incessantly bark, such is not a true reflection across the whole breed. A healthy, Standard sized Dachshund will weigh approximately 5 kg at the age of 12 months old, and have a life expectancy of 12-15 years when shown appropriate care.
Due to its unusual proportions, the Dachshund is susceptible to afflictions resulting from over-feeding, especially diabetes and spinal disc problems because of the breed's characteristically elongated spinal column and short ribcage. The breed is also known to suffer with urinary tract complaints, cardiac disease and is subject to mast cell tumours.
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Absolutely full of character and a big THINKER!
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