Many believe the Rottweiler to be a dog of antiquity, with records suggesting it developed in 74 AD with the settlement of the 11th Legion, a branch of the Roman Empire. Their arrival in the Wurttemberg region of Germany, later to become 'Rottweil' meant that their dogs were introduced to native breeds, resulting in the development of the heavy, working dog we recognise today. During the Middle Ages, the Rottweiler found employment as a bear hunter and cattle herder, serving to drive herds to market. With the advent of the railways in the 19th century, cattle herding was illegalised, meaning that the Rottweiler was no longer needed. As a result, breed numbers dropped significantly, however with the onset of WWI the Rottweiler regained its early popularity, being widely enlisted as a police, draught, guard and messenger dog. Following the War, the Rottweiler became the favoured breed choice of German butchers, who utilised the dog in pulling carts that delivered milk and meat. The Rottweiler was first recognised by the AKC in 1931.
Thought to be one of the oldest all-purpose herding breeds, the Rottweiler is not easily confused for any other. Muscular and powerful in appearance and structure, the Rottweiler boasts strong legs, a heavy torso, a broad and rounded head, a deep chest and a tail that is customarily docked. The distinctive coat is typically short and hard, and is coloured black, with mahogany, rust or brown markings. A red variety is also seen, although it is considered rare. Some suggest a difference between what is known as an American Rottweiler, and what is known as a German Rottweiler, although it is commonly accepted that there is no such variation. The modern Rottweiler is observed in police, customs and army work, with a large majority being seen in Search and Rescue in Norway.
Contrary to popular belief, the Rottweiler is far from the aggressive and unpredictable breed many assume it to be. Rather, it is one of the most trainable, intelligent and adaptable out there, possessing a calm and courageous temperament that renders it well suited to domestic life. Independent-minded, the Rottweiler does not mind its own company, although no dog should ever be left for long periods of time without human companionship. The average Rottweiler will be territorial and protective of its home and family, though never to the point of aggression, and will demonstrate a docile and easy demeanor that can be relied upon. A healthy, fully grown Rottweiler will weigh 38-60 kg depending on its gender, with a life expectancy of 8-10 years.
Despite being sturdy and resilient, the Rottweiler is susceptible to various health complaints, ranging from mild to more serious. These include optical disorders, including cataracts, entropion and progressive retinal atrophy, as well as hip dysplasia and association orthopedic complaints. More serious incidences of bloat and gastric tortion are commonly observed in the large breeds, and the Rottweiler is no exception. Other conditions include cancer, cardiac disease, and two rare disorders known as von Willebrand's Disease, a bleeding complaint, and Addison's Disease, a problem with the adrenal gland.
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Rottweilers need human company to get the best from them, they are loyal devoted dogs if they are brought up properly. Work their brain and you will have a happy Rott, I've enjoyed the breed for over 30 years, haven't bred or shown but always enjoyed working them in obedience, they have a very dry sense of humour so beware and don't take life seriously, they don't. They are fantastic with children but there has to be respect on both sides and understanding that they will protect their own human from others. Socialise them as early as possible with as much as is possible they will then be a very steady friend.
contact is paramount with stella,she was an easy dog to train when you put the time in,but also very obliging and happy to just be with you.luckily she has always had other dogs around her and will play with my much smaller dog with such care I would worry she would get hurt!! a very rewarding dog,she gives you her best.unfortunately the health with her is an issue we won t have her for much longer,but I would never regret having such a beautiful dog,and think that I would always like to have a Rottweiler in my life.
Our rescue Rotti Drummer does enjoy lots of human company, adults and children alike, he's a child in his mind. He's very lazy, doesn't like going out in the rain either. Likes a good walk and run with only one or two dogs he knows well. He's recently had a toe removed due to a tumor, weeks and weeks backwards and forwards to the vets, he was so good and everyone that treated him with redressing of the paw etc., they thought he was wonderfull, didn't snap at anyone and didn't need a muzzle even though he was in pain. What a lovely chap he is.